political economy

Rompin by-election spotlights Felda swing - review of Malaysiakini news and other media

A very useful micro analysis of the Rompin by-election by Malaysiakini on the Felda swing against UMNO-BN and a possible Chinese voter swing back on hudud (newslinks below). Malaysian Insider offers a more macro perspective viewpoint, with some focus on Najib's leadership issues* and some introspection by UMNO-BN leaders on "lessons" from Rompin.
*"PM's approval rating slips to 44%" here http://merdeka.org/v4/index.php/downloads/category/2-researches?download=153:january-2015-national-poll-approval-rating-top-issues and perhaps fortunately a lack of traction of 1MDB crisis outside of various urban circles; "Majority of voters lack awareness and comprehension of 1MDB controversy" http://www.merdeka.org/v4/index.php/downloads/category/2-researches?download=156:national-poll-march-2015-1mdb-final

Malaysiakini seems to have the most useful coverage (please do click on the links go to their website to read in full). I'll add more from other sources soon. But clearly, the focus is immediately on Permatang Pauh by-election (today, 7 May 2015) to see if the trends in Rompin carry over there too. Blog link: PR opposition coalition (update 18): All eyes on Permatang Pauh by-election today; a pro-ulama hudud scuffle; /khoryuleng/2015/01/malay-unity-and-pakatan-rakyan.html
Malaysia rural and semi-urban votes are important to keep an eye on after the 2013 general election decisive urban swing against the UMNO-Barisan Nasional ruling coalition.
Teaser on new Felda settler socio-economic study I'm involved with here (due for release in a few months): http://khorreports-palmoil.blogspot.com/2015/04/felda-settlers-study-sneak-peak.html
Two political-economy pieces on Felda and electoral politics are just out.
The Political Tussle Over Felda Land Schemes – UMNO Strengthens Its Malay Rural Fortress in 13th General Election by Khor Yu Leng. My article has just been published in Kajian Malaysia. Download via this link: /khoryuleng/2014/11/the-political-tussle-over-felda-land.html
Also, it is carried in a chapter in ISEAS book just published (picture left). Coalitions in Collision: Malaysia's 13th General Elections by Johan Saravanamuttu, Lee Hock Guan, Mohamed Nawab Mohamed Osman, editors. Date of publication: 2015 Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies / Strategic Information and Research Development Centre No. of pages: 309
Chapters on rural politics and Felda are....
5. The Political Economy of FELDA Seats: UMNO's Malay Rural Fortress in GE13, by Khor Yu Leng, author
6. Fragmented but Captured: Malay Voters and the FELDA Factor in GE13, by Maznah Mohamad, author

Perkasa chief (often associated with Mahathir) also in attack mode

Rompin, Permatang Pauh show Umno near its end, Perkasa claims BY SYED JAYMAL ZAHIID Friday May 8, 201506:01 PM GMT+8; KUALA LUMPUR, May 8 — The drastic drop in Umno’s votes during the Rompin and Permatang Pauh by-elections signal that the Malay community is starting to reject the party seen to represent only the rich, Perkasa chief Datuk Ibrahim Ali said today. The former Umno leader said Perkasa’s observations in the two by-elections found that discontent towards the Goods and Services Tax (GST) was the main reason behind Umno’s decline in support, adding that it also found the party’s machinery to be weak and powerless when dealing with the issue. “In Rompin the main issue was GST and the [Felda Global Venture] scandal. In Permatang Pauh it was also GST and other issues like 1MDB, the money spent on the jet and the prime minister’s wife. “What was the gist of Umno’s campaign? They played on the division of the opposition, an issue that is ineffective because why? Because people are more concerned about the cost of living... people are squeezed economically,” Ibrahim told a press conference at Perkasa’s main office here. The former Pasir Mas federal lawmaker said to this was exacerbated by lack of capable speakers and activists among Umno’s election machinery who could connect with the voters. Ibrahim alleged the problem was symptomatic of Umno’s condition now, a party bereft of capable and hardworking leaders and headed by a pampered lot only comfortable working in air-conditioned rooms rather than going down to the ground. ... http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/rompin-permatang-pauh-show-umno-near-its-end-perkasa-claims#sthash.Tl2YGnZf.dpuf

Sin Chew - news links

Messages behind the Rompin results   2015-05-07 14:51  By LIM MUN FAH  Translated by DOMINIC LOH  Sin Chew Daily; If the by-elections in Rompin and Permatang Pauh are, like analysts say, a kind of referendum for Najib, then the results for Rompin by-election should come as more of a concern than reassurance. Rompin is a fight that is not going to deliver much surprise. Indeed, the BN candidate won as many had anticipated. The question lies with the percentage of votes won and how the Malay and Chinese voters had voted, and which between GST and hudud had bigger impact on the final outcome Umno's Hasan Arifin won with a slashed majority of 8,895 votes, sharply down by 6,219 votes compared to the impressive majority of 15,114 votes during GE13......
Compared to May 2013, the percentage of votes won by the BN candidate this time has slid from 66.8% to 61.5%. On the contrary, PAS' percentage went up by a remarkable 5.3%, from 33.2% to 38.5%. This is what caused the dramatic drop of BN's votes by 6,219 votes while PAS' votes only fell marginally by 25 votes.......There are three things that we need to mention here. Firstly, of all the 38 polling stations, PAS won in five, against one only in GE13, which is a major improvement. Secondly, the votes garnered by PAS candidate at channels 3 and 4, mostly from younger voters, increased noticeably. Thirdly, the hudud law issue did not seem to affect the party's support rate among Malay voters. In its stead, Umno seemed to have paid a bigger price from the GST impact.
As we all know, rural areas and Felda settlements are traditionally Umno's stronghold. Although Umno has managed to retain this traditional stronghold, the significantly reduced majority and percentage of votes are not a good sign for the party. Could this be the start of Umno and BN losing their rural constituency advantage? Could Mahathir's verbal attacks on PM Najib be another factor that eroded BN's advantage in Rompin in addition to the GST issue? And will Mahathir bank on this situation to further exert pressure on the PM, thus deepening the crisis of existing Umno leadership?...... Of course, BN has also made some gains in the form of returning Chinese votes, showing that Chinese Malaysians are indeed resistant to PAS and its hudud advocacy. This nevertheless should not be a cause for relief for both MCA and Gerakan, for in polling stations with about 15% of Chinese voters, BN still performed badly at channels 3 and 4 made up mainly of younger and middle-age voters....... In short, the Rompin results do not give the PM much credit but will sink him to deeper dilemma. The results of the upcoming Permatang Pauh by-election is yet another major test awaiting him. Even if BN is not able to wrest the seat from PKR, at least it must trim some of its majority votes. This is the least that could be required of the PM, and should serve as an important basis for him to cling on to power.......http://www.mysinchew.com/node/108672?tid=12

Malaysian Insider - news links

Najib factor not cause of lower Rompin majority, says BN BY EILEEN NG Published: 7 May 2015 9:00 AM; Leaders from the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition have disputed views that a reduced majority at the recent Rompin by-election was a sign of voters' cooling response towards Datuk Seri Najib Razak's leadership. Instead, issues like the goods and services tax (GST), a complacent election machinery and gloomy sentiments over falling palm oil prices could have contributed to its diminished performance, said BN leaders from both Malay ruling party Umno and senior Chinese partner MCA who played down the Najib factor. The most important thing, they said, was that BN retained the federal seat despite efforts by the opposition..... Umno's Pulai MP Datuk Nur Jazlan Mohamed said the party's machinery in Rompin and voter apathy were contributing factors to the lower majority. "The PAS candidate managed to get almost the same votes as compared with the last GE. So their support is still strong. "But Rompin Umno machinery's commitment is questionable because they did not manage to increase the level of turnout and votes despite it being a by-election and the huge resources spent. "The slimmer majority could be narrowed further in the next GE if Rompin Umno remains complacent in a 85% Malay majority seat," Nur Jazlan said in a WhatsApp message to The Malaysian Insider. Kuantan MCA division chief Datuk Seri Ti Lian Ker also dismissed the Najib factor, or lack of it, since the BN's campaign did not feature posters of the prime minister nor his presence much, despite Pahang being his own state. Najib's Pekan constituency is in Pahang. "Najib's presence was never in Rompin all along, it was more associated with JJ," he said in referring to the late Rompin MP Tan Sri Jamaluddin Jarjis's moniker. He attributed the lower turnout to a "silent protest" against the GST and the slump in palm oil prices, as many of electorate in the rural constituency were Felda settlers, a scheme to help the poor plant cash crops like oil palm. He said this proved that people are becoming more issue-centric and playing up racial and religious sentiments did not drive the electorate to vote for either BN or Umno. "Of late, we can see political posturing where Umno and PAS are trying to outdo each other but it is not winning them any votes. "It is time for BN to take stock of this signal. There are issues that need to be resolved and resorting to racial and religious political antics does not work any more," Ti said....
.....But analyst Wan Saiful Wan Jan said that while the GST and financial scandals involving state investment vehicle 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) were some of the factors at play, he felt that Najib's lacklustre leadership was a reason for BN winning only 61% of total votes cast. In contrast, in the 13th general election two years ago, BN won 30,040 out of a total of 45,849 votes or 66% of the total votes. Rompin was a typical BN stronghold of mostly rural voters. "The slashing of the majority at this scale indicates there are more than local issues involved here. It boiled down to issues surrounding Najib's leadership. "The way I see it, voters are reacting to how they see Najib – incapable of moving the country forward – and they are translating this by not turning up to vote," Wan Saiful told The Malaysian Insider, adding that voting on a weekday could have affected turnout as well....But former Wanita Umno chief Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz said there was no point in pointing fingers as at the end of the day, what was important was that BN won at a still comfortable majority.
The former international trade and industry minister said BN could be returned stronger if Putrajaya improved on its governance, initiatives and communication with the public, especially on issues like 1MDB. – May 7, 2015http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/najib-factor-not-cause-of-lower-rompin-majority-says-bn#sthash.Zuw90j0Q.dpuf

Malaysiakini - news links

BN keeps Rompin, majority slashed by 40pct by Malaysiakini; BN has won the Rompin by-election with a significantly reduced majority, which could be a result of anger due to the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). At about 10.15pm, the Election Commission (EC) announced that BN's Hasan Arifin had won the polls by a 8,895 majority - a dramatic drop of 40.8 percent compared to its majority two years ago at the 2013 general election. Hasan, a former Pahang deputy menteri besar had polled 23,796 while PAS's Nazri Ahmad had garnered 14,901 votes.
At a glance, the number of votes for BN had dropped by 20.8 percent - from 30,040 in 2013 to 23,796, while the number of votes for PAS was almost at status quo. However, it must be stressed that there is a lower turnout (39,288) for this by-election. The turnout was 45,849 in 2013.

Beyond GST and hudud, a Felda revolt in Rompin By Nigel Aw
ANALYSIS The Goods and Services Tax (GST) and hudud may have been the dominating issues during the Rompin by-election campaign but a crucial factor that appeared to have been overlooked was a brewing revolt by Felda settlers..... While BN's share of votes was reduced in most Malay majority areas, likely due to resentment against the GST, the swing against the ruling coalition was significantly higher in Felda settlements.... For example, according to polling district data, areas such as Muadzam Shah (96 percent Malay), Sungai Puteri (85 percent Malay), Kota Bahagia (86 percent Malay) and Sarang Tiong (90 percent Malay) saw an average swing of between three to six percent against BN. However, the data showed that the figure almost doubles in Felda polling districts with several seeing swings of almost 10 percent against BN..... While PAS campaigned heavily on GST in towns and villages, Felda issues was its trump card. The party's candidate, Nazri Ahmad himself is a descendent of a Felda Keratong settler..... PAS central committee member Mazlan Aliman, who leads the NGO National Felda Settlers' Children Association, said the revolt was already anticipated during his campaign. Mazlan (photo) said that unlike previous by-elections where Felda were considered near impenetrable BN strongholds, settlers were receptive and turned up at their ceramahs. Felda settlements have traditionally been difficult to reach by the opposition due to its often isolated locations and self-subsistence thanks to dedicated facilities built by the government. "If we were to compare to the 13th general election, at that time, Felda Global Ventures (FGV) was only just listed and settlers received a windfall of up to RM15,000 so BN won big. "But since then, FGV shares have fallen and our warnings about how Felda settlers will face hardship turned into a reality," he told Malaysiakini.... During the general election, FGV shares which were distributed to settlers was worth around RM4.60 each. The share closed at RM2.09 today. Voting data suggests that the youth vote swing was more than 10 percent, while there was also noticeable swing among the elderly voters, which have traditionally been staunch BN supporters..... Pending lawsuits against Felda. Mazlan pointed out that the Felda Keratong cluster has been a focus for PAS, which have been assisting some 700 settlers with their lawsuits against Felda. The settlers are suing Felda for allegedly cheating them by purchasing their oil palm fruits at a lower price than what they are worth in the market. "Seven hundred settlers is a significant number and when they are angry at Felda, they are also angry at the government as Felda is a federal agency," he said.... He added the discontent in Felda was further aggravated by the fall on commodity prices which has made life difficult for them.... Putrajaya's announcement during the by-election that it was offering houses to the descendents of Felda settlers for merely RM90,000 instead of the initial price of RM125,000 did little to placate this anger.
When the by-election was finally over, BN lost two Felda polling districts to PAS namely Felda Keratong 2 and Felda Keratong 4. In contrast, PAS only succeeded in winning a single polling district during the last general election, namely Bandar Baru Rompin due to anti-government sentiment among Chinese voters..... Even Felda Keratong 9, which saw the smallest shift against BN among the settlements, had a vote swing of 5.6 percent while other settlements in the Keratong cluster are Felda Keratong 1 (8.7 percent), Felda Keratong 2 (6.3 percent) and Felda Keratong 8 (6.8 percent)..... The anti-GST sentiment also helped PAS snap up other polling districts such as the fairly developed township of Muadzam Shah and Pianggu.... The polling districts of Pianggu and Leban Chondong were outliers with the former swinging heavily against BN, at 13.2 percent while the later swung 12.3 percent in favour of BN. It should be noted that both polling districts were affected by the massive flood last year and local factors such as how well reconstruction efforts went could have influenced voters...... Chinese voters backed BN. Even though PAS bagged several new polling districts, it lost Bandar Baru Rompin, possibly due to the party playing the hudud card towards the tail end of the campaign. The polling district, which comprise 81 percent Malays and 14 percent Chinese, swung 4.4 percent in favour of BN.... But PAS vice-president Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man, who led the party's machinery in the Rompin by-election said GST was a bigger factor compared to hudud. "GST was a major factor as it was PAS' slogan that a vote for it is a vote against GST. This was why youths rejected Umno. "Hudud was not a major factor as PAS did not use it as a campaign issue, it was only used minimally," he told Malaysiakini when contacted.... BN may attribute its reduced majority to the low turnout of 73 percent compared to 85.5 percent in the last general election, the fact remains BN lost several polling districts to PAS and its share of votes fell.
Umno vice president Hishammuddin yesterday appeared to acknowledge this, stating that the government needed to take cognisance of the by-election outcome.....
Consider Rompin's message, says Hisham By Adrian Wong 11:56PM May 5, 2015
Were Rompin voters trying to send Putrajaya and BN a message? Possibly, said Umno vice-president Hishammuddin Husein. "Like what Pahang menteri besar Adnan Yakoob said earlier, the results that we see here, maybe there are some things the government needs to take into consideration.
"But what is important is that we won," he told reporters after the Rompin by-election results were announced..... He was responding to a question on whether issues raised by PAS, particularly the implementation of the unpopular goods and services tax (GST), had an effect on the polls.
Earlier, Adnan told reporters that the lower turnout was a result of a long holiday over the weekend and thus many voters had left before polling day.... "We also understand that people are sending certain messages to the government - both state and federal - we will take note of these (messages)," he said. Asked if he was referring to GST, Adnan (photo) said both GST and Felda issues had caused some resentment among voters. "We wil; have to deal with these issues. Hopefully, the federal government can do sometime about it," he said.... On whether PAS' aggressive push for the implementation of hudud law worked to its advantage, Adnan said that it was a non-factor.
........In 2013, incumbent Jamaluddin Jarjis polled 30,040 votes while BN's candidate Hasan Arifin polled only 23,796 - a 20.8 percent drop. However, the number of votes for PAS was almost unchanged at 14,901 votes. ...Meanwhile, Bernama reported that PAS has cited the lower voter turnout as a contributing factor for its defeat. Pahang PAS commissioner Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man said the drop of 13 percent in the turnout as compared to the 13th general election two years ago had somewhat impacted the number of votes its candidate obtained. ........Nazri said although PAS lost in Felda Keratong 5, his home base by just 13 votes, overall the party had increased its votes from the younger generation of voters. "God willing, we will do better in the 14th general election," said,  Nazri, who is also Pahang PAS Youth chief.....


Comments posted in Malaysiakini - most likely reflective of a segment of urban centric views
Hisham, message from Rompin is clear By Yoursay 8:00AM May 7, 2015
  • The Observer: Putting it simply, the 20 percent reduction of votes for BN should have guaranteed its loss in GE14 if what was required was a five percent swing. The important thing is not that BN won, but that voters on both sides have spoken. Voters who were disappointed with PAS on the hudud issue have swung over to the BN. However that was not enough to offset an even bigger swing away from BN because of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) issues, etc.
  • Haveagreatday: Umno vice-president Hishammuddin Hussein, it shall be a miracle if Umnoputeras do indeed heed the message of the Rompin voters. GE13 message was loud and clear but you folks chose to hide your heads in the mud.
  • Jbsuara: The message is clear. Umno-BN bulldozed GST and implemented it against the wishes of the rakyat, and worse, the implementation was so flawed that what was obviously a 'double' taxation is done to the detriment of traders and citizens. 
  • ZhuGeLiang: All these negativities about Najib's leadership have been proven wrong by the voters of Rompin. The facts speak for themselves. BN won the by-election. There is no point arguing about it. Period.......

Umno and PAS both losers in Rompin By Yoursay
  • Jiminy Qrikert: Rompin is Malay heartland and the Malays are sending a very clear message to their leaders on both sides of the divide. This result is alarm bells for Malay hegemony. A good 7,000 Malays abandoned Umno as a protest against the Goods and Services Tax (GST). Their message - don't make my life any harder than it already is. PAS retained its support. It did not gain any new voters. The message to PAS - hudud cannot feed them. PAS will always be a ‘jaguh kampung’ (village champion). They will keep their traditional support base, but all others will fall away. That means the non-Malays will definitely abandon PAS. New young voters will not vote for PAS. And PAS will not attract the Umno supporters who abandon Umno in protest against GST.
  • I Wonder?: What a pity! If only PAS abandoned the hudud issue and has chosen the moderate path, it could have won this by-election. The rakyat is in dilemma as they are sandwiched between two evils. One is the corrupted Umno that created the GST that sucks the rakyat's blood slowly, and the other the fanatical ulama in PAS who insisted on hudud that will turn this country into an Islamic state. Both GST and hudud are bad. But hudud is worse as even many Muslims are rejecting it and consider it inhumane, barbaric, out of date and not realistic in this modern world. 
  • CQ Muar: This was what I had wished for and predicted - that BN will win, but with a much reduced majority of less than 10,000 votes.....

The Political Tussle Over Felda Land Schemes – UMNO Strengthens Its Malay Rural Fortress in 13th General Election by Khor Yu Leng

7 May 2015: Also, this paper is adapted and carried in a chapter in ISEAS book just published (picture left) - thanks to Johan and Hock Guan and rest of ISEAS team and for Kajian Malaysia for permission. And of course big thanks to my college friend Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid, Associate Professor and Chairman of Political Science, School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) for pushing me to do something. I managed to use material I had developed in 2002 in Dr. Michael J. Montesano's Southeast Asian history class at NUS (which he'd been encouraging me to get published.... so finally, 12 years later...).

Coalitions in Collision: Malaysia's 13th General Elections by Johan Saravanamuttu, Lee Hock Guan, Mohamed Nawab Mohamed Osman, editors. Date of publication: 2015 Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies / Strategic Information and Research Development Centre No. of pages: 309
Chapters on rural politics and Felda are....
5. The Political Economy of FELDA Seats: UMNO's Malay Rural Fortress in GE13, by Khor Yu Leng, author
6. Fragmented but Captured: Malay Voters and the FELDA Factor in GE13, by Maznah Mohamad, author

1 November 2014: My article has just been published in Kajian Malaysia.

Kajian Malaysia special issue  (Vol 32, Supplement 2, 2014): Malaysia's 13th General Election:  Reform, Change and Conservatism, articles have been successfully uploaded to, and can be freely downloaded from, Kajian's site at http://web.usm.my/km/current.html
Title: The Political Tussle Over Felda Land Schemes – UMNO Strengthens Its Malay Rural Fortress in 13th General Election
Author: Khor Yu Leng http://web.usm.my/km/32(Supp.2)2014/KM%2032%20Supp.%202_2014-Art.%204%20(89-121).pdf

Johor-Iskandar & Malaysia power shifts (update 1)

I was seated at the window seat on a flight from KL to Singapore. Over southern Johore, the plane made a nice flyover from the western part over Tanjung Pelepas toward the eastern end of that part of the state. Just east of Syed Mokhthar's container port (and a bulking terminal across from it) was a lot of red-brown earth cleared areas for property development in the core Iskandar area. The same could be seen in the Danga Bay area between that and Johor Bahru town. Just north of that was suburbia with lots of homes laid out.

Just east of Johor Bahru were some red-brown earth scars of land leveled for building (but a lot less than in the core Iskandar zone) and further east were palm oil plantations and replantings of those areas. Toward the far eastern area was again large areas opened for development - presumably for RAPID. It was a great fly over, I wish the airline would have allowed me to take more than a few shots, but the policy is to switch off devices for the landing. 

It looks like Johore development is proceeding to complement 
Singapore's need for more northern space and arguably in competition with ports and oil and gas infrastructure.

 Flying over core Iskandar - Medini zone and Johore suburbia

What's hot in the news in Malaysia are some interesting moves for more participation in state administration by the Sultan of Johor. Other Malaysia states are in the news with recent kerfuffles in Terrengganu, about increased oil royalties and on East Malaysia. 

Some commentators are wondering about an apparent shift in state versus federal negotiation power. In opposition land, there are also questions on its leadership power over Selangor issues on water, controversial road construction, religious administration and more. At the recent Teluk Intan byelection, Chinese ruralfolk delivered a massive negative 15 percentage vote swing in a political revolt against the efforts of the DAP leadership. 

It would seem that traditional political leaders have lost some of their powers to state and local actors at this point of the political cycle. What next?

News links

Johor housing Bill to be amended; Updated: Sunday June 8, 2014 MYT 5:11:38 PM; http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/06/08/Johor-housing-Bill-to-be-amended/
NUSAJAYA: The Johor Housing and Real Property Enactment Board Bill 2014 will be amended to include a provision that the Sultan is to act on the advice of the Mentri Besar.... The amendment, which reads “role of the Johor Ruler is on the advice of the Mentri Besar”, was announced by Mentri Besar Datuk Mohamed Khaled Nordin during the state assembly sitting here, Sunday... Khaled said that other clauses in the Bill which mention the Johor Ruler would be changed to “state authorities”.... The Bill is expected to be tabled at the state assembly sitting on Monday....It had been reported that the Bill would empower the Sultan to appoint JHRPB members, oversee its accounts and also dissolve the board.... It is understood that the Johor Ruler would also be able to determine the remuneration of board members, approve the appointment of a director and pass the estimated expenses for each following year before seeking the state government’s approval for the allocations....

Malaysia: Political economy of FELDA and South Johor & GE-13 voting behaviour

Research done mid-2013, paper to
be published in Kajian Malaysia in 2014

The importance of Felda
• This paper is about the political economy of FELDA and its important place in
the electoral politics of the 13th General Election held on 5 May 2013. In a
heavily contested election, the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional has held on to
power by winning by a 22-seat majority, despite its worst performance with
the loss of the national popular vote and questions about irregularities.
• However, the hope of Pakatan Rakyat, the opposition coalition, to make
inroads in BN’s proverbial FELDA “fortress” vote bank was disappointed.
Instead, there were swings toward BN.
• Winning FELDA areas is important to building up its rural base, in order to win
enough seats to govern. In the midst of urban rejection, UMNO has retained
stronger control in key rural areas, turfing out and keeping out the opposition
coalition from its FELDA stronghold, with Mazlan Aliman of PAS reporting on
the difficulties of reaching FELDA women voters and in allaying rural voter
fears about DAP Chinese rule.
Felda issues & voting
• In FELDA settlement areas the ruling coalition is seen to have preferential access
by way of its links with FELDA’s administration. The windfall from the FELDA
Global public listing seems to have been an important boon.
• However, there are interesting regional differences, notably between Pahang and
Johore. Here, the parallels between oil palm replanting economic decision making
and voting behaviour of FELDA settlers is intriguing.
• Efforts to lure the FELDA youth vote seems to have been flummoxed with socalled
money politics, including the offer of new lands for homes for younger
• At the same time, UMNO-BN may want to repeat its FELDA electoral success by
performing IPO “encores” to generate financial bonuses with two other key land
development agencies – FELCRA and RISDA. Combined with FELDA, these three
agencies may have control and influence of up to 19% of Malaysia’s voters.
INTEGRATION: Malaysian stakeholders
contest within a pro-development
continuum in Johor GE-13
Research done end-2013, paper to
be published as chapter in a book by ISEAS in 2014/2015
Johor voting in GE13 – a looking glass world
• The Opposition coalition sought to make significant gains against the
Barisan Nasional coalition in its stronghold of Johor, but the Chinese
18.3% swing against Barisan Nasional is associated with a 1.9%
increased Malay vote for it. Racial and religious issues were
apparently dominant. Johor Malays and Chinese voted in an
ethnically divided manner. Future contests will be for the Malay vote.
On economic issues such as Iskandar Malaysia, the benefits to the
Johor Malay population (especially its below-40 voters) is likely to be
in sharper focus in future political contestation.
It’s all about the Malay vote• Thus, former ‘safe-deposit’ states for BN, such as Johor and Sabah are
now considered as the front-line for the next general election.
• The contest will be for the Malay vote. Will the Malay vote be
contested mostly on economic or non-economic issues?
• On economic projects such as Iskandar Malaysia, the benefits to the
Johor Malay population (especially its below-40 voters) is likely to be
in sharper focus. If so, the rhetoric used by PAS in GE-13 and BN’s
post GE-13 policy reactions may be good indicators of future political
contestation over the grand project of Johor-Singapore integration

The above is extracted from my presentation material on the topics. Please contact me for more info.

Profit, Power & Politics: Malaysia palm oil in the global and local political-economy (drafting in final stage)

Just to get myself more focused for the next two weeks of heavy duty work on book drafting, I've put together the new working title and chapter plan. This will be based on my work and contacts (mostly non-attributed interviews & public info only) as a research consultant in the palm oil industry in SE Asia. This will include material written up in Khor Reports' Palm Oil e-newsletter and blog. This book draft has been sponsored by ISEAS where I was Visiting Research Fellow for 2013.